Table of Contents

Introduction : the place of anthropomorphism.
Part one. Spatial representations of divine anthropomorphism. The three bodies of God in the Hebrew Bible.
Like deities, like temples (like people).
Part two. Anthropomorphism and theriomorphism in cultic space. The construction of anthropomorphism and theriomorphism.
The calf images at Dan and Bethel : their number and symbolism.
Part three. Gods of cities, cities of gods. Gods and their city sites.
The royal city and its gods.
Epilogue : ancient theorizing about anthropomorphism and space. The issue of how to represent God is a concern both ancient and contemporary. In this wide-ranging and authoritative study, renowned biblical scholar Mark Smith investigates the symbols, meanings, and narratives in the Hebrew Bible, Ugaritic texts, and ancient iconography, which attempt to describe deities in relation to humans. Smith uses a novel approach to show how the Bible depicts God in human and animal forms-and sometimes both together. Mediating between the ancients' theories and the work of modern thinkers, Smith's boldly original work uncovers the foundational understandings of deities and space.