Table of Contents

Cover.
Preface.
Volume Contents.
Part I) Granular media.
The Properties of Jamming at Zero Temperature.
Acknowledgments.
References.
A Basis for the Statistical Mechanics of Granular Systems.
Introduction.
Classical Statistical Mechanics.
Statistical Mechanics for Jammed Matter.
The Classical Boltzmann Equation.
'Boltzmann Approach' to Granular Matter.
References.
A Possible Experimental Test of the Thermodynamic Approach to Granular Media.
Introduction.
References.
Memory and Kovacs Effects in the Parking-lot Model: An Approximate Statistical-mechanical Treatment.
Introduction.
The Model and its Properties.
Statistical-mechanical Formalism with Two Thermodynamic Parameters.
Approximate Description of the Compaction Kinetics.
Memory and Kovacs Effects.
Conclusion.
References.
Statistical Mechanics of Jamming and Segregation in Granular Media.
Introduction.
Granular Media.
Approaches a la Edwards to Statistical Mechanics of Granular Media.
Lattice Models for Granular Media.
A Mean Field Study of Hard Spheres under Gravity on a Random Graph.
A Hard-sphere Binary Mixture under Gravity.
Conclusions.
References.
Granular Compaction.
Introduction.
Experimental Set-up.
Experimental Results on 1 mm Spheres.
Compaction of Anisotropic Granular Media.
Discussion.
Conclusion and Open Questions.
Acknowledgments.
References.
Experiments in Randomly Agitated Granular Assemblies Close to the Jamming Transition.
Introduction.
Vibration of a 2D model Granular Assembly.
Compacting a 3D Granular Assembly.
An Oscillator in the Granular Matter.
Introduction.
Experimental.
Granular Liquid.
Granular Glass.
Discussion.
References.
Segregation Phases in a Vibrated Binary Granular Layer.
Introduction.
The Experiment.
Single Particle Motion.
Granular Segregation.
Segregation Phase Transition.
Binary Gas, Segregation Liquid and Segregation Crystal Phases.
Oscillatory States.
Discussion and Conclusion.
References.
Shaken, not Stirred: why Gravel Packs Better than Bricks.
Introduction.
The Model: Definition and Ground States.
Zero-temperature Dynamics: (ir)Retrievability of Ground States.
Low-temperature Dynamics.
Discussion.
Acknowledgements.
References.
Part II) Thermal glassy systems.
On Pre-asymptotic Aging in Finite Dimensional Spin Glasses.
Introduction.
Definition of the Observables.
Results and Discussion.
Conclusions.
Acknowledgments.
References.
Stimulated and Spontaneous Relaxation in Glassy Systems.
Introduction.
Adiabatic Relaxation.
Stimulated and Spontaneous Relaxation as the Origin of Intermittency.
Statistical (Microcanonical) Description of the Aging State.
The Oscillator Model (OM).
Conclusions.
References.
Heterogeneities in the Dynamics of Supercooled Water.
Introduction.
Spatially Heterogeneous Dynamics.
Glass States in Dense Attractive Micellar Systems.
Introduction.
The System.
Experiments.
Results and Discussion.
Conclusions.
Acknowledgments.
References --T$9. Deep connections are emerging in the physics of non-thermal systems, such as granular media, and other "complex systems" such as glass formers, spin glasses, colloids or gels. This book discusses the unifying physical theories, developed in recent years, for the description of these systems. The special focus of the book is on recent important developments in the formulation of a Statistical Mechanics approach to granular media and the description of out-of-equilibrium dynamics, such as "jamming" phenomena, ubiquitous in these "complex systems". The book collects contributions from leading researchers in these fields, providing both an introduction, at a graduate level, to these rapidly developing subjects and featuring an up to date, self contained, presentation of theoretical and experimental developments for researchers in areas ranging from Chemistry, to Engineering and Physical Sciences. the book discusses very hot topics in physical sciences it includes contributions from the most prominent researchers in the area it is clearly written and self contained.