Table of Contents

Epidemiology.
Fracture healing and biomechanics.
The multiply injured patient.
Open fractures.
Gunshot injuries.
Stress fractures.
Periprosthetic fractures.
Osteoporotic fractures.
Pathological fractures.
Shoulder girdle.
Proximal humeral fractures.
Humeral diaphyseal fractures.
Distal humeral fractures.
Proximal forearm fractures and elbow dislocations.
Fractures of the forearm diaphysis.
Fractures of the distal radius and ulna.
Hand fractures and dislocations.
Cervical spine fractures.
Thoracolumbar fractures and dislocations.
Pelvic and acetabular fractures.
Proximal femoral fractures and hip dislocations --Subtrochanteric fractures.
Femoral diaphyseal fractures.
Distal femoral fractures.
Patellar fractures.
Proximal tibia fractures and knee dislocations.
Tibia and fibula diaphyseal fractures.
Tibial plafond fractures.
Ankle fractures.
Foot fractures and dislocations.
Nonoperative management.
Plating.
Intramedullary nailing.
Other internal fixation techniques.
External fixation.
Arthroplasty.
Amputations.
Acute compartment syndrome.
Nonunions and bone defects.
Infection.
Other complications.