Table of Contents

Introduction: "That whel wol cause another whel".
Nominalism, speech, and power in "The manciple's tale".
Saint Erkenwald: the sacrament of the altar and the persistence of the past.
Economies of speech and redemption in the works of Thomas Hoccleve.
Speech, rhetoric, and politics in Gower's Confessio Amantis.
Conclusion : the plowman's two voices.