Table of Contents

I. Autocracy and the law. 1. Absolutism and justice in eighteenth-century Russia.
2. Bureaucratization, specialization, and education.
3. The composition of the Russian legal administration in the first half of the nineteenth century.
II. The men. Introduction: the noble legal official.
4. Russia's first minister of justice.
5. The quiet shelter.
6. Count Dmitrii Nikolaevich Bludov.
7. Count Victor Nikitch Panin.
8. The emergence of a legal ethos.
III. Reform. Introduction: The old judiciary.
9. The aspiration to legality.
10. Epilogue and conclusion. Until the nineteenth century, the Russian legal system was subject to an administrative hierarchy headed by the tsar, and the courts were expected to enforce, not interpret the law. Richard S. Wortman here traces the first professional class of legal experts who emerged during the reign of Nicholas I (1826 - 56) and who began to view the law as a uniquely modern and independent source of authority. Discussing how new legal institutions fit into the traditional system of tsarist rule, Wortman analyzes how conflict arose from the same intellectual processes that produced legal reform. He ultimat.