Table of Contents

Changing face of asymmetric warfare and terrorism.
Risk assessment : planning for "non-patterns" and potential risk.
Threat prioritization : seeking to identify current and future threats.
CTypes of attack : determining future methods of attack and the needed response.
Threat assessment and prioritization : identifying threats.
U.S. government efforts to create a homeland defense capability.
Federal efforts by department and agency.
Federal, state, and local cooperation.
How other nations deal with these threats.
Lessons from recent major commissions on terrorism.
Conclusions and recommendations. New threats require new thinking. State attacks involving long-range missiles or conventional military forces are not the only threat to the U.S. homeland. Covert attacks by state actors, state use of proxies, independent terrorist and extremist attacks by foreign groups or individuals--and even by residents of the United States--are significant issues for future U.S. security. In this comprehensive work, Cordesman offers a range of recommendations, from reevaluating what constitutes a threat and bolstering homeland defense measures, to improving resource allocation and sharpening intelligence. Annotation. Cordesman (Middle East program, Center for Strategic and International Studies) argues that homeland defense must respond to a constantly changing threat, and especially to the kind that may be impossible to predict, and which may emerge as a pattern of attack in the years to come. He discusses such aspects as assessing risks, prioritizing threats, types of attacks, creating a homeland defense capability, and federal cooperation.