Table of Contents

Democracy and Liberty Under Party Governments, 1918-1932.
The Meiji Heritage.
Early Meiji Press Policy, 1868-1889.
The Primacy of Administrative Policymaking.
The Constitution and Press Controls.
The Diet and Press Policy: The Newspaper Law of 1909.
Democracy and the Mass Media: Introductory Remarks.
The Press.
Administrative and Judicial Sanctions.
Censorship Standards.
The Modest Impact of Administrative Controls.
Subjugation of the Radical Left.
The Range of Acceptable Criticism.
The Failure of Liberal Reform.
Bureaucratic Policymaking: The Regulations of 1925.
Administrative Control in Practice.
Censorship Standards.
Bureaucratic Planning for Radio.
Democratic Government and Radio Policy.
Terms of the First Broadcasting Licenses.
The Founding of NHK.
Program Control in Practice.
Personnel and Financial Controls.
Intrastate Conflicts over Radio.
Comparative Analysis.
Policymaking in a Democratic-Bureaucratic Regime.
The Disparity between Democratic and Liberal Values.
Administrative Revolution Under Military-Bureaucratic Rule, 1937-1945.
Transition to Military Rule, 1932-1937.
Party Decline and Military Ascendancy.
The Growing Statism of Party Politicians.
Censorship of the Right.
Planning for Mobilization.
NHK and Creation of the United News Agency.
Mobilizational Military Regimes: The First Generation.
The Press: The Consultation System.
Early Wartime Mobilization.
The Consultation Format.
Mobilization Directives.