Table of Contents

Preliminaries; FOREWORD; TABLE OF CONTENT; Introduction; 1. The OECD analytical BERD (ANBERD) database: explanations on its development; 2. ANBERD estimates; Introduction; 1. La base de données analytique sur la DIRDE (ANBERD) de l'OCDE; 2. Estimations ANBERD This annual publication reflects OECD efforts to improve the quality and availability of industrial research and development (R&D) expenditure data. The publication presents R&D expenditure data from the Analytical Business Enterprise Research and Development database (ANBERD) in ISIC Revision 3 for 19 OECD countries*, as well as a zone total for the European Union.