Table of Contents

Anatomy of the pleura.
Physiology of the pleural space.
Physiological effects of pneumothorax and pleural effusion.
Animal models in pleural investigation.
Cytokines and the pleura.
Radiographic examinations.
Clinical manifestations and useful tests.
Approach to the patient.
Transudative pleural effusions.
Pleural effusions related to metastatic malignancies.
Primary tumors of the pleura.
Parapneumonic effusions and empyema.
Tuberculous pleural effusions.
Pleural effusion secondary to fungal infections, actinomycosis, and nocardiosis.
Pleural effusion due to parasitic infection.
Pleural effusion due to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, other viruses, mycoplasma pneumoniae, and rickettsiae.
Pleural effusion due to pulmonary embolization.
Pleural effusion secondary to diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Pleural effusion secondary to diseases of the heart.
Pleural disease in obstetrics and gynecology.
Pleural disease due to collagen vascular diseases.
Pleural effusion due to drug reactions.
Pleural effusion due to miscellaneous diseases.
Chylothorax and pseudochylothorax.
Other pleural diseases.
Thoracentesis (diagnostic and therapeutic) and pleural biopsy.
Chest tubes.
Thoracoscopy. This book focuses on the pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and management of pleural diseases. It combines procedural expertise, insights on recent technical advances, and recommendations for both diagnosis and treatment.