Table of Contents

1. Laparoscopy in Children: Basic Principles.
2. Ergonomics of Laparoscopy.
3. Basic Principles of Robotic Surgery.
4. Physiology of Minimally Invasive Surgery versus Open Surgery.
5. Learning Curves, Costs and Practical Considerations.
6. Laparoscopic Nephrectomy and Heminephrectomy.
7. Laparoscopic Pyeloplasty.
8. Robotic Assisted Laparoscopic Pyeloplasty.
9. Transposition of Lower Pole Vessels: The Vascular Hitch.
10. Minimally Invasive Ureteroureterostomy.
11. Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy.
12. Operative Pneumovesicoscopy.
13. Laparoscopic ExtravesicalReimplantation.
14. Bladder Diverticulectomy.
15. Excision of Prostatic Utricle.-16. Laparoscopic-assisted Bladder Reconstruction.
17. Robotic-assistedLaparoscopic Ileocystoplaty: Our Technique.
18. Impalpable Testis.
19. Laparoscopic Varicocelectomy.
20. Disorders of Sex Development (DSD)and Laparoscopy.
21. General Principles of Cystourethroscopy.
22. Endoscopic Injection Techniquesfor Vesicoureteral Reflux.
23. Bladder OutletInjection for Urinary Incontinence.
24. Injection Techniques for Bladder and Sphincter.
25. Posterior Urethral Valves.
26. Endoscopic Management of Ureteroceles and Syringoceles.
27. Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy: Principles of FragmentationTechniques.
28. Pediatric Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy.
29. Ureteroscopy for Urinary Calculi.
30. Minimally Invasive Techniques to Approach Complications of Enterocystoplasty and Continent Catheterizable Channels.
31. Minimally Invasive Uro-Oncology.
32. Preparing the Child for Minimally Invasive Surgery and What Parents and Children Truly Remember. Pediatric Endourology Techniques, SecondEdition enables surgeons to carry out commonly performed minimally invasive pediatric urological procedures. It not only encompasses the majority of commonly performed pediatric endourological procedures in a standardised format, but also newer techniques and procedures that have developed since publication of the first edition. Pediatric Endourology Techniques, Second Editionis a fully illustrated text with accompanying online video content through Springer Extras, which addresses these issues. It is a valuable tool for pediatric urologists as well as pediatric surgeons, general surgeons, adult urologists and those with an interest in minimally invasive surgery.