Table of Contents

Introduction.
Helmholtz's study of attention shifting.
Early Ideas about the attentional focal point.
Overt and covert orienting.
Studying attention shifts with location cueing.
Early location-cueing experiments.
Goal-driven and stimulus-driven control.
Attentional capture by abrupt-onset stimuli.
Methodological issues.
Properties of the attentional focal point.
Analog and discrete attention shifts.
Variable spatial extent of attentional focus.
Can attention be divided into multiple foci?.
LaBergian activity distribution model.
Sensory and attentional mediation of covert orienting.
Sensory analysis and location-cueing effects.
A systematic investigation of multiple location cue effects.
activity distribution account of multiple location cue effects.
Activity distribution account of other cue effects.
Sequential attention shifts.
Shifting attention to multiple abrupt-onset stimuli.
Inhibition of return.
Eye movements and attention shifts.
Oculomotor system.
Eye tracking methodology.
Disengaged attention and saccades.
Relationship between attention and eye movements.
Saccade preparation and attention.
Physiology of attention shifts.
Subcortical attention mechanisms.
Cortical attention mechanisms.
Stimulus-driven and goal-driven attention shifts.
Premotor theory revisited.
Crossmodal attention shifts.
Lights, sounds, and touches can cause attention shifts.
Crossmodal inhibition of return.
Multisensory integration and attention.
Neural mechanisms of crossmodal attention shifts.
Epilogue.
Highly familiar symbolic and social cues.
Evolution of attention orienting.