Table of Contents

What explains the rise of organic farming? / W. Lockeretz.
The origins of organic farming / G. Vogt.
Organic values / M. Sligh and T. Cierpka.
The science of organic farming / D.H. Stinner.
The evolution of organic practice / U. Niggli.
The development of governmental support for organic farming in Europe / S. Padel and N. Lampkin.
The organic market / J. Aschemann ... [et al.].
Development of standards for organic farming / O. Schmid.
IFOAM and the history of the international organic movement / B. Geier.
The Soil Association / P. Conford and P. Holden.
Ecological Farmers Association and the success of Swedish organic agriculture / I. Källander.
MAPO and the Argentinian organic movement / D. Foguelman.
NASAA and organic agriculture in Australia / E. Wynen and S. Fritz.
FiBL and organic research in Switzerland / U. Niggli.
The Organic Trade Association / K. DiMatteo and G. Gershuny.
A look towards the future / B. Geier ... [et al.]. Beginning as a small protest to the industrialization of agriculture in the 1920s, organic farming has become a significant force in agricultural policy, marketing, and research. No longer dismissed as unscientific and counterproductive, organic techniques are now taken seriously by farmers, consumers, scientists, food processors, marketers, and regulatory agencies in much of the world. Organic farming is both dynamic and forward-looking but is also rooted in tradition. It is these traditions that can provide valuable starting points in debates over how organic farming should meet new challenges such as globalization, the emergence of new production techniques, and growing concern over equity and social justice in agriculture. Complementing general discussions with case histories of important organic institutions in various countries, this comprehensive discussion is the first to explore the development of organic agriculture.