Table of Contents

Nutritional Health; Foreword; Series Editor Introduction; Preface; Contents; Contributors; Chapter 1: Methods in Nutrition Research; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 Fundamental Research Design Principles; 1.3 Errors, Bias, and Within-Person Variation in Dietary Assessment; 1.4 Epidemiological Studies; 1.4.1 Cohort Studies; 1.4.2 Case-Control Studies; 1.4.3 Cross-Sectional Studies; 1.4.4 Population Studies; 1.4.5 Historical Studies; 1.5 Randomized Clinical Trials; 1.6 Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses; 1.7 Experiments Using Animals; 1.8 Mechanistic Research 1.9 Comparative Strengths and Weaknesses of Clinical Trials and Observational Cohort Studies in Investigations of Drugs vs. Foods1.10 Evaluating the Evidence; 1.11 The Problems of Con fl ict of Interest and of Inadequate Research Funding; 1.12 Ethical Approval; References; Chapter 2: Challenges in Research in Nutritional Epidemiology; 2.1 How to Find Out What People Eat; 2.1.1 The Nature of Dietary Information; 2.1.2 Methods of Dietary Assessment; 2.1.3 Ability to Represent Usual Diet; 2.1.4 Who Synthesizes Dietary Information?; 2.1.5 Can Accurate Dietary Information Be Obtained? 2.2 What Element of Diet Should Be Studied?2.3 Summary; References; Chapter 3: Eating Disorders; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Pica, Rumination Disorder, and Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder; 3.2.1 Pica; 3.2.2 Rumination Disorder; 3.2.3 Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder; 3.3 Anorexia Nervosa; 3.4 Bulimia Nervosa; 3.5 Binge-Eating Disorder; 3.6 Feeding and Eating Disorders: Not Elsewhere Classi fi ed; 3.6.1 Atypical Anorexia Nervosa; 3.6.2 Subthreshold Bulimia Nervosa; 3.6.3 Purging Disorder; 3.6.4 Night Eating Syndrome; 3.7 Prevalence; 3.8 Risk Factors for Eating Disorders 3.9 Treatment3.9.1 Psychotherapy; 3.9.2 Psychotropic Medications; 3.10 Prevention; 3.11 Conclusion; References; Chapter 4: The Developmental Origins of Chronic Disease in Later Life; 4.1 Developmental Origins; 4.2 Confounding Variables; 4.3 Biological Basis; 4.4 Fetal Origins Hypothesis; 4.5 Childhood Growth and Coronary Heart Disease; 4.6 Type 2 Diabetes and Hypertension; 4.7 Compensatory Growth; 4.8 Pathways to Disease; 4.9 Strength of Effects; 4.10 Maternal In fl uences on Fetal Nutrition; 4.10.1 The Fetal Growth Trajectory; 4.10.2 Intergenerational Effects 4.10.3 Maternal Diet and Body Composition4.10.4 Placental Transfer; 4.11 Research Challenges; 4.11.1 Environmental In fl uences; 4.11.2 Pathogenesis; 4.12 Disease Prevention; 4.13 Conclusions; References; Chapter 5: The Nutrition Transition Is Speeding Up: A Global Perspective; Key Points; 5.1 Introduction: What Is the Nutrition Transition?; 5.1.1 Pattern 1: Collecting Food; 5.1.2 Pattern 2: Famine; 5.1.3 Pattern 3: Receding Famine; 5.1.4 Pattern 4: Nutrition-Related Noncommunicable Disease; 5.1.5 Pattern 5: Behavioral Change; 5.2 What Are Some Critical Dimensions?; 5.2.1 Biological Mismatch 5.2.2 The Speed of Change Is Greater Today In its third much-expanded edition, the highly praised Nutritional Health: Strategies for Disease Prevention, Third Edition has been brought fully up to date to include all the new thinking and discoveries that have the greatest capacity to improve human health and nutritional advancement.  Drs. Temple, Wilson and Jacobs have organized this volume so that it provides an in-depth overview of the role of diet and dietary components in chronic disease prevention; the importance of public health actions, regulatory decisions and academic research in assuring the safety and efficacy of claims made on foods and dietary supplements.  About half the new edition has been revised and updated from the second edition while the other half consists of major revisions of previous chapters or new subjects. Like the two previous editions the book contains general reviews on various topics in nutrition, especially those of much current interest.  Up to date and comprehensive, Nutritional Health: Strategies for Disease Prevention, Third Edition offers physicians, dietitians, and nutritionists a practical, data-driven, integrated resource to help evaluate the critical role of nutrition.