Table of Contents

The changing population: the surgeon's challenge.
Fundamentals of the past: cardioplegia: the first period revisited.
Sites of injury: myocyte.
Sites of injury: the endothelium.
Intraoperative protection of the myocardium: effects of age and gender.
Protection of the right heart.
Protection of the failing heart.
Protection during heart transplantation.
The endothelium as target for interventions.
Vascular effects of cardioplegic arrest and cardiopulmonary bypass.
Oxygen radical scavengers.
New approaches to cardioplegia: alternatives to hyperkalemia.
Myocardial protection via the coronary venous route.
Donor heart preservation by continuous perfusion.
Visualization of cardioplegia delivery.