Table of Contents

The Qur'an and the religious "other".
Theology of religions and Islamic contributions.
Muslima theology?.
Qur'an only?.
Overview of chapters.
Historical and contemporary approaches to religious "otherness".
"Self" and "other" in historical Islamic discourse.
Rejecting the "other" and projecting the "self": polemical and apologetic trends.
Delineations of Qur'anic difference: exegetical and juridical trends.
Theocentric oneness and differentiated multiplicity: mystical and Sufi trends.
"Selves" and "others".
Sameness and difference in contemporary Islamic approaches to religious diversity.
Prioritization of sameness.
Simultaneous affirmation of sameness and difference.
Prioritization of difference.
Proximity and otherness: the prevailing conception of difference and beyond.
Shortcomings.
Conceptual and hermeneutical foundations of Muslima theology.
Contemporary Muslim women interpreters of the Qur'an: hermeneutical approach and conception of difference.
Qur'an-centered hermeneutical approach.
(Re)conception of difference.
Forays into religious difference.
Trajectories of analysis.
From sexual difference to religious difference: feminist theological approaches to religious difference.
Dialogue amidst diversity.
Theology of religions: feminist theological critiques & contributions.
Insights and extensions: towards a Muslima theology of religious pluralism.
From holistic interpretation to relational hermeneutics: Toshihiko Izutsu's semantic analysis of the Qur'an.
Relational meaning and the semantic Weltanschauung: Toshihiko Izutsu's method of analysis.
The Qur'anic Weltanschauung: conceptual opposition and a basic moral dichotomy.
Insights: towards a Muslima hermeneutic of relationality.
A Muslima theology of religious pluralism.
Lateral and hierarchical religious difference in the Qur'an.
Defining characteristics of hierarchical and lateral difference.
Hierarchical religious difference: the semantic field of taqwa.
Lateral religious difference: the semantic field of umma.
Umma and reification?.
Taqwa and denotative stability?.
Relational mapping of the semantic field of taqwa: concepts of hierarchical religious difference.
Recognition of and attitude towards God.
Response to God's guidance.
Type and nature of actions.
Observations and implications.
Never wholly "other": sameness, difference and relationality.
Creation and theological anthropology.
Creation and revelation.
Revelation and revelation.
Purpose of lateral religious difference.
The religious "other" and the Qur'an. How does the Qurʾan depict the religious Other? Throughout Islamic history, this question has provoked extensive and intricate debate about the identity, nature, and status of the religious Other and the religious self. Contemporary Islamic scholars have also begun to engage this question, aiming to provide a theological and practical road map for a deeply interreligious world. This book critically engages this emergent contemporary discourse, highlighting a pervasive inability to account for both religious commonalities and religious differences without resorting to models that depict religions as isolated entities or models that arrange religions in a static, evaluative hierarchy. In response to these limitations of the contemporary discourse, the book constructs an alternative conceptual and hermeneutical approach-a Muslima theology of religious pluralism-that draws insights from the work of Muslim women interpreters of the Qurʾan, feminist theology, and semantic analysis. On the basis of this alternative approach, a novel reinterpretation is offered of the Qurʾanic discourse on religious Otherness that challenges notions of clear and static religious boundaries by distinguishing between and illuminating the complexity of multiple forms of religious difference. Through a close and detailed reading of the Qurʾanic text, the book identifies two genres of religious difference, explores the complex relationality that exists among Qurʾanic concepts of evaluated religious difference, and articulates a comprehensive model of religious pluralism that weaves together creation, revelations, divinely intended difference, and interreligious engagement.