Table of Contents

Amino acids and proteins.
Carbohydrates and lipids.
Membranes and transport.
Oxygen transport.
Catalytic proteins.
Vitamins and minerals.
Bioenergetics and oxidative metabolism.
Anaerobic metabolism of carbohydrates in the red blood cell.
The tricarboxylic acid cycle.
Oxidative metabolism of lipids in liver and muscle.
Biosynthesis and storage of carbohydrate in liver and muscle.
Biosynthesis and storage of fatty acids.
Biosynthesis of cholesterol and steroids.
Biosynthesis and degradation of amino acids.
Biosynthesis and degradation of nucleotides.
Complex carbohydrates : glycoproteins.
Complex lipids.
The extracellular matrix.
Deoxyribonucleic acid.
Ribonucleic acid.
Protein synthesis and turnover.
Regulation of gene expression : basic mechanisms.
Genomics, proteomics, and metabolomics.
Membrane receptors and signal transduction.
Biochemical endocrinology.
Cellular homeostasis : cell growth and cancer.
Digestion and absorption of nutrients : the gastrointestinal tract.
Glucose homeostasis and fuel metabolism : diabetes mellitus.
Nutrients and diets.
Lipoprotein metabolism and atherogenesis.
Role of the liver in metabolism.
Water and electrolytes homeostasis.
The lung and the regulation of hydrogen ion concentration (acid-base balance).
Muscle : energy metabolism, contraction, and exercise.
Bone metabolism and calcium homeostasis.
Blood and plasma proteins.
Hemostasis and thrombosis.
Oxidative stress and inflammation.
The immune response : innate and adaptive immunity.
Selected clinical laboratory reference ranges.
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