Table of Contents

1 Introduction: Using Historical Archaeology to Study the U-Boat Wars; 2 The Dover Patrol and Its U-Boat Wrecks, 1915-1918; 3 The Rest of the English Channel and Its U-Boat Wrecks, 1916-1918; 4 Bringing WW1 U-Boat Losses into Focus; 5 Known U-Boat Losses, 1944-1945; 6 Two Known U-Boat Losses of 1944 as Mystery Sites, U269 and (U1191); 7 Mystery U-Boat Case Studies, 1944-1945; 8 Bringing WW2 U-Boat Losses into Focus; 9 Conclusions: Archaeology and the Historic Texts of Both World Wars; Appendices; Index Over the last 30 years, hydrographical marine surveys in the English Channel helped uncover the potential wreck sites of German submarines, or U-boats, sunk during the conflicts of World War I and World War II. Through a series of systemic dives, nautical archaeologist and historian Innes McCartney surveyed and recorded these wrecks, discovering that the distribution and number of wrecks conflicted with the published histories of U-boat losses. Of all the U-boat war losses in the Channel, McCartney found that some 41% were heretofore unaccounted for in the historical literature of World War I and World War II.