Table of Contents

Introduction to normal values (reference ranges).
Critical values.
Core blood analytes: alterations by diseases.
Urine.
Cardiovascular diseases.
Respiratory diseases.
Gastrointestinal diseases.
Hepatobiliary diseases and diseases of the pancreas.
Central and peripheral nervous system disorders.
Musculoskeletal and joint diseases.
Hematology.
Metabolic and hereditary disorders.
Endocrine diseases.
Genitourinary diseases.
Infectious diseases.
Autoimmune and miscellaneous diseases.
Disorders due to physical and chemical agents.
Therapeutic drug monitoring and drug effects.
Body substances.