Table of Contents

Blood pressure: definition, diagnosis, and management.
The link between hypertension and stroke: summary of observational epidemiological studies.
Blood pressure control and primary prevention of stroke: summary of clinical trial data.
Mechanisms underlying essential hypertension: neurogenic and nonneurogenic contributors.
Pathophysiology and mechanisms whereby hypertension may cause stroke.
Cardiovascular risk assessment and summary of guidelines for the management of hypertension.
Acute blood pressure management after ischemic stroke.
Hypertensive encephalopathy and acute blood pressure management after hemorrhagic stroke.
Recurrent stroke prevention I: diuretic and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs): the PROGRESS trial.
Recurrent stroke prevention II: angiotensin receptor blockers: the LIFE, MOSES, PRoFESS, and other trials.
A practical guide to recurrent stroke prevention.
Vascular cognitive impairment and Alzheimer disease: are these disorders linked to hypertension and other cardiovascular risk factors?.
Cerebral small vessel disease, hypertension, and cognitive function.
Cerebral microbleeds, small-vessel disease of the brain, hypertension, and cognition.
Imaging effects of hypertension on the brain: a focus on new imaging modalities and options.
The Joint Commission's initiatives to improve stroke care and what it means for acute stroke care and prevention. Stroke is the third leading cause of death in the US and a leading cause of disability among adults. Stroke is not an accident but occurs in relation to a number of risk factors or antecedents. Hypertension is the most important modifiable risk factor for stroke, and blood pressure level may play an important role in determining outcome after acute ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke. Hypertension remains poorly controlled in the community at-large, and once stroke occurs clinicians are not certain about proper management of blood pressure during the acute, subacute and chronic periods after stroke.