Table of Contents

Principles of Ultrasounds and Principal Views.
Transthoracic Echocardiography: Normal Two-Dimensional and Doppler Imaging.
Transesophageal Echocardiography: Principal Views.
Echocardiography in the Critically Ill: An Overview.
Echocardiography in the Critically Ill: An Overview.
Heart-Lung Interactions in Mechanical Ventilation.
Measurement of Stroke Volume and Cardiac Output Using Echocardiography and Doppler.
Assessment of Fluid Requirements: Fluid Responsiveness.
Assessment of Fluid Requirements: Fluid Responsiveness.
Evaluation of Left Ventricular Systolic Function.
Evaluation of Left Ventricular Systolic Function.
Hemodynamic Evaluation in the Patient with Arrhythmias.
Diagnosis and Management of Circulatory Failure.
Diagnosing the Mechanisms of Circulatory Failure.
Septic Shock.
Cardiogenic Shock Associated with Acute Left-Heart Failure.
Echocardiographic Evaluation and Monitoring of Right Ventricular Function and Pulmonary Artery Pressures.
Pericardial Effusion and Cardiac Tamponade.
Echocardiography and Extracorporeal Life Support in Intensive Care Unit.
Diagnosis and Management of Acute Respiratory Failure.
Pulmonary Edema: Which Role for Echocardiography in the Diagnostic Workup?.
Why and How to Use Echocardiography in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome.
Specific Situations.
Thoracic Trauma.
Hemodynamic Instability in Cardiac Surgical Patients.
Acute Aortic Syndrome: Acute Aortic Diseases in Hemodynamically Unstable Patients.
Outlook.
Learning and Competence in Critical Care Echocardiography.
Ehocardiography Alone or Coupled with Other Hemodynamic Devices?.
Future Applications.