Table of Contents

Executive Summary.
Actions identified in the project as necessary and plan for their realization.
Acknowledgment, clarification and foreword.
Bioeconomy in the West Nordic countries.
Arctic environment.
Identifying and quantifying biological resources.
Biotech and bioenergy.
Nature based tourism in the West Nordic countries.
Discussions and conclusions.
Bibliography Abstract: Achieving a high quality of waste plastic materials and recycling processes is a key challenge in closing the resource loops for plastics. This report reviews the status and trends for plastic waste flows and treatment in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. Furthermore, it gives an overview of existing policy instruments and the main challenges for designing policy instruments for improved recycling of plastic waste in these Nordic countries. The report identifies potential market failures associated with closing the resource loops for plastics. It reviews the economics research literature on policy instrument design for achieving optimal recycling rates and makes policy recommendations from the Nordic perspective. Finally, it presents results from a survey on market conditions to managers in the recycling and plastic manufacturing industry in Sweden
Björnsdóttir, Bryndís;Djurhuus, Rólvur;Erbs-Maibing, Sofie;Gunnarsdóttir, Ragnhildur;Hoydal, Kjartan;Hreggviðsson, Guðmundur Óli;Ingvarsson, Guðmundur Bjarki;Jacobsen, Birgitte;Jessen, Amalie;Johannessen, Birgitte;Jörundsdottir, Hrönn Ólína;Kristinsson, Hörður G;Kristófersson, Daði Már;Laksá Unn;Magnúsdóttir, Lilja;Smáradóttir, Sigrún Elsa;Smárason, Birgir -rn;Solberg, Svein Ø;Stefánsdóttir, Elísabet Kemp;Þórðarson, Gunnar
Nordic Council of Ministers