Table of Contents

pt. 1. Beyond the mainland ; 1. Introduction ; 2. History of island studies ; 3. Factors that influence island faunas. Types of islands. Dispersals to islands. The candidate species. Composition of island faunas.
pt. 2. The islands and their faunas. 4. Cyprus ; 5. Crete ; 6. Gargano ; 7. Sicily ; 8. Malta ; 9. Sardinia and Corsica ; 10. The Balearic Islands ; 11. Madagascar ; 12. Java ; 13. Flores ; 14. Sulawesi ; 15. The Philippines ; 16. Japan ; 17. The southern and central Ryukyu Islands ; 18. The Californian Channel Islands ; 19. The West Indies.
pt. 3. Species and processes ; 20. Elephants, mammoths, stegodons and mastodons ; 21. Rabbits, hares and pikas ; 22. Rats, dormice, hamsters, caviomorphs and other rodents ; 23. Insectivores and bats ; 24. Cervids and bovids ; 25. Hippopotamuses and pigs ; 26. Carnivores ; 27. Patterns and trends. Dwarfism and gigantism. Increased size variation. Shorter limbs and stiff joints. Increased grinding force. Neurological changes. Changes in metabolism ; 28. Evolutionary processes in island environments. Types of speciation on islands. Intrinsic and extrinsic factors ; 29. Extinction of insular endemics. Natural disasters. Disappearance of the island. Competition by new species. Effects of exotic predators. Transmission of diseases. Habitat loss. Hunting to extinction. "Evolution on islands differs in a number of important ways from evolution on mainland areas. Over millions of years of isolation, exceptional and sometimes bizarre mammals evolved on islands, such as pig-sized elephants and hippos, giant rats and gorilla-sized lemurs that would have been formidable to their mainland ancestors. This timely and innovative book is the first to offer a much-needed synthesis of recent advances in the exciting field of the evolution and extinction of fossil insular placental mammals. It provides a comprehensive overview of current knowledge on fossil island mammals worldwide, ranging from the Oligocene to the onset of the Holocene. The book addresses evolutionary processes and key aspects of insular mammal biology, exemplified by a variety of fossil species. The authors discuss the human factor in past extinction events and loss of insular biodiversity. This accessible and richly illustrated textbook is written for graduate level students and professional researchers in evolutionary biology, palaeontology, biogeography, zoology, and ecology"-- "Evolution on islands differs in a number of important ways from evolution on mainland areas. Over millions of years of isolation, exceptional and sometimes bizarre mammals evolved on islands, such as pig-sized elephants and hippos, giant rats and gorilla-sized lemurs that would have been formidable to their mainland ancestors. This timely and innovative book is the first to offer a much-needed synthesis of recent advances in the exciting field of the evolution and extinction of fossil insular placental mammals. It provides a comprehensive overview of current knowledge on fossil island mammals worldwide, ranging from the Oligocene to the onset of the Holocene. The book addresses evolutionary processes and key aspects of insular mammal biology, exemplified by a variety of fossil species. The authors discuss the human factor in past extinction events and loss of insular biodiversity. This accessible and richly illustrated textbook is written for graduate level students and professional researchers in evolutionary biology, palaeontology, biogeography, zoology, and ecology"--
"Evolution on islands differs in a number of important ways from evolution on mainland areas. Over millions of years of isolation, exceptional and sometimes bizarre mammals evolved on islands, such as pig-sized elephants and hippos, giant rats and gorilla-sized lemurs that would have been formidable to their mainland ancestors. This timely and innovative book is the first to offer a much-needed synthesis of recent advances in the exciting field of the evolution and extinction of fossil insular placental mammals. It provides a comprehensive overview of current knowledge on fossil island mammals worldwide, ranging from the Oligocene to the onset of the Holocene. The book addresses evolutionary processes and key aspects of insular mammal biology, exemplified by a variety of fossil species. The authors discuss the human factor in past extinction events and loss of insular biodiversity. This accessible and richly illustrated textbook is written for graduate level students and professional researchers in evolutionary biology, palaeontology, biogeography, zoology, and ecology"--
Geer, Alexandra van der
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Wiley-Blackwell
2010
9781444323986
9781405190091
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