Table of Contents

Part 1. Descriptive Epidemiology.
Childhood Obesity in the WHO European Region.
The Epidemiology of Childhood Obesity in Canada, Mexico and the United States.
Epidemiology of Obesity in Children in South America.
Epidemiology of Obesity in Children and Adolescents in Australia, New Zealand and the Pacific Region.
Prevalence and Etiology: Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Countries.
Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in Japan.
Social Epidemiology of Nutritional Burden Among Children and Adolescents in India.
Epidemiology of Obesity in Children and Adolescents in China.
Epidemiology and Clinical Profile of Obesity in Children and Adolescents: South-East Asia and Singapore.
Childhood Obesity: Prevalence Worldwide.
Synthesis Part I.
Part 2. Etiological Factors.
Genetic Factors.
Genetics and Nutrigenomics of Obesity.
Neuroendocrine Regulation.
Perinatal and Infant Determinants of Obesity.
Food Patterns and Nutrient Intake in Relation to Childhood Obesity.
Physical Activity, Fitness and Fatness in Children and Adolescents.
Sedentary Behaviors and Obesity in Children and Adolescents.
Socio-Economic Status and Obesity in Childhood.
Environmental Factors: Opportunities and Barriers for Physical Activity, and Healthy Eating.
Psychosocial Aspects of Childhood Obesity.
Consumer Behavior in Childhood Obesity Research and Policy.
Eating Behavior and Weight in Children.
Childhood Obesity: Etiology.
Synthesis Part II.
Ethics and Public Policy.
Methodological Aspects for Childhood and Adolescence Obesity Epidemiology. Despite adults' best preventive efforts, childhood obesity is on the rise in most areas of the world and with it the prevalence of Type 2 diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and other formerly adult-onset conditions. Epidemiology of Obesity in Children and Adolescents takes the global ecological approach that is needed to understand the scope of the problem and its multiple causes and mechanisms, and to aid in developing more effective prevention and intervention programs. In the book's first half, experts present a descriptive summary of youth obesity trends in ten world regions, broken down by age group, gender, socioeconomic status, and risk factors. Complementing these findings, part two reviews the evidence base regarding the variables, separately and in combination, having the most significant impact on young people's development of obesity, including: Genetic and nutrigenomic factors. Environmental and psychosocial factors, such as family shopping and eating habits and access to healthful foods. Neuroendocrine regulation. Prenatal and neonatal factors (e.g., gestational diabetes of the mother). Dietary factors, from nutrient content to young people's food preferences. Physical activity versus sedentary behavior. Epidemiology of Obesity in Children and Adolescents is necessary reading for the range of professionals involved in curtailing this epidemic, including public health specialists, epidemiologists, pediatricians, nurses, nutritionists, psychologists, health educators, and policymakers. --