Table of Contents

1. Changing paradigms in early childhood education : critical perspectives on diversity and difference in doing social justice in early childhood education.
Introduction.
Writing this book.
Children's perceptions of difference.
Constructions of childhood.
Hierarchies of difference : early childhood educators, diversity and social justice.
Shifting paradigms in early childhood education : a historical overview.
What is postmodernism?.
What is poststructuralism?.
A feminist poststructural approach.
Other social theories influencing this book.
Chapter overviews.
Recommended reading.
2. Doing feminist poststructuralist theory with early childhood educators.
Introduction.
What is feminist poststructuralism?.
Understanding the 'self' : the feminist poststructuralist subject.
The process of subjectification.
What has all this got to do with teaching children?.
Implications for practice in early childhood education.
Conclusion.
Recommended reading.
3. Local and global social relations : critical perspectives on class and inequality.
Introduction.
What is globalization?.
Class relations and cultural reproduction in a globalized world.
Neoliberalism and globalization.
Relationships between globalization and neoliberalism.
Education, globalization and neoliberalism.
Globalization and forced immigration.
Asylum seekers and refugees.
Corporatization of childhood.
Macro-economic policies and their impact on children and childhood.
Implications for early childhood education.
Conclusion.
Recommended reading. 4. 'It's more than black dolls and brown paint' : critical multiculturalism, whiteness and early childhood education.
Introduction.
Multiculturalism as policy and practice.
Limits to multicultural pluralism.
Whiteness and multiculturalism.
Whiteness and indigeneity.
Multiculturalism and early childhood education.
Liberal pluralism in early childhood education.
Whiteness and mainstream early childhood curricula.
Practitioners' responses to children's understandings of 'race', ethnicity and cultural difference.
Assumed absences and invisible identities.
Children's experiences of whiteness, racism and inequality.
Rubie and Martín : a cast study.
Towards critical multiculturalism in early childhood education : implications for practice.
Going beyond culture as 'celebration'.
Adopting a reflexive stance towards cultural and racial differences.
Conclusion.
Recommended reading.
5. Families as performative social spaces : reconceptualizing the family for social justice.
Introduction.
What is a family?.
Reconceptualizing family as performative social spaces : a feminist poststructuralist perspective.
Changing practices in a changing world : current challenges to families.
Social theories of 'the family'.
The social construction of motherhood and fatherhood.
Families of 'choice' : doing family differently.
Families from non-English-speaking backgrounds.
The impact of globalization on doing family.
The position and 'role' of children in families.
Implications for practice in early childhood education.
Conclusion.
Recommended reading. 6. Bilingualism identity and English as a globalized language.
Introduction.
English as a globalized language.
Learning English at the expense of the home language.
Towards critical understandings of equity in language retention and language learning.
Research into staff practices and attitudes towards language retention and second language learning issues.
Constructing the deficit 'needy' bilingual child.
Bilingual children's negotiation of languages and identity.
Implications for practice.
Conclusion.
Recommended reading.
7. Gender performativity in early childhood education.
Introduction.
What is gender? : a feminist poststructuralist perspective.
Sex roles and socialization theory : a critique.
'Biology is destiny' : the discourse of biological determinism, a critique.
A glimpse of educators' perspectives on gender.
Current approaches to gender equity in early childhood education.
The heterosexualization of gender : Butler's performativity and 'heterosexual matrix'.
Heterosexualization and heteronormativity in early childhood education.
Liberatory potentials of non-normative discourses of gender.
Implications for practices in early childhood education.
Conclusion.
Recommended reading. 8. The lion, the witch and the 'closet' : dealing with sexual identity issues in early childhood education.
Introduction.
Feminist poststructuralism and sexual identities.
Queer theory and sexual identity.
Other theoretical perspectives on sexual identity.
Discourses of childhood and sexuality.
What is heteronormativity?.
Heteronormativity in early childhood education.
Myths about gay and lesbian people.
Homophobia and heterosexism in early childhood settings.
Out of sight, out of mind : 'compulsory heterosexuality' and the invisibility of sexual others.
The inclusion of sexual others : legitimating difference within 'the family'.
What about children's voices?.
Implications for practice in early childhood education.
Conclusion.
Recommended reading.
9. The challenge of diversity and difference to early childhood education.
Introduction.
Promoting theoretical understandings of childhood, diversity and difference.
Positioning children and families within discourses of deficit.
Fostering children's critical thinking around diversity and difference.
Out of sight, out of mind.
Developing inclusive policies and procedures around diversity and difference.
Communicating with families and communities.
The role of management bodies.
The importance of professional development for early childhood educators.
Further research into diversity and difference in early childhood education.
Conclusion : taking personal and professional risks for social justice.
Glossary. Gives an overview of relevant contemporary social theories, including poststructuralism, cultural studies, postcolonialism, feminist perspectives and queer theory. This book covers a number of issues impacting on children's lives, including globalization, new racisms, immigration, refugees, homophobia, heterosexism and constructions of childhood.