Table of Contents

Difficulties in Laparoscopic Access.
Difficulties in Anesthesia for Urologic Laparoscopy.
Difficulties in Urologic Laparoscopic Instrumentation.
Cost-Reductive Measures in Laparoscopy: Tips and Tricks for Developing Countries.
Difficulties in Laparoscopic Simple Nephrectomy.
Difficulties in Transperitoneal Laparoscopic Radical Nephrectomy.
Difficulties in Retroperitoneal Laparoscopic Radical Nephrectomy.
Difficulties in Laparoscopic Live Donor Nephrectomy.
Difficulties in Laparoscopic Nephroureterectomy.
Difficulties in Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomy.
Difficulties in Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy.
Difficulties in Laparoscopic Renal Cyst Removal and Giant Hydronephrosis Nephrectomy.
Difficulties in Laparoscopic Simple Prostatectomy.
Difficulties in Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy.
Difficulties in Robotic Radical Prostatectomy.
Difficulties in Robotic-Assisted Nerve-Sparing Radical Prostatectomy.
Difficulties in Laparoscopic Urologic Surgery in Kidney Transplant Patients and Obese Patients.
Difficulties in Laparoscopic Retroperitoneal Lymph Node Dissection.
Difficulties in Laparoscopic Radical Cystectomy.
Difficulties in Laparoscopic Pyeloplasty.
Difficulties in Laparoscopic Surgery for Urinary Stones.
Difficulties in Laparoscopic Ureteral and Bladder Reconstruction.
Difficulties in Laparoscopic Ureterolysis and Retroperitoneal Lymph Node Dissection.
Difficulties in Laparoscopic Management of Vesicovaginal Fistula.
Difficulties in the Laparoscopic Treatment of Female Genital Prolapse.
Difficulties in Pediatric Laparoscopic Urologic Surgery.
Difficulties in Single-Port Laparoscopic Procedures.
Difficulties in Urologic Laparoscopy Complications.
Difficulties in Laparoscopic Training, Mentoring, and Medico-Legal Issues.