Table of Contents

Rationalizing unethical medical research: taking seriously the case of Viktor von Weizsäcker / Gernot Böhme.
Medical research, morality, and history: the German journal Ethik and the limits of human experimentation / Andreas Frewer.
Experimentation on humans and informed consent: how we arrived where we are / Rolf Winau.
The silence of the scholars / Benno Müller-Hill.
The ethics of evil: the challenge and the lessons of Nazi medical experiments / Arthur L. Caplan.
Unit 731 and the human skulls discovered in 1989: physicians carrying out organized crimes / Kei-ichi Tsuneishi.
Biohazard: unit 731 in postwar Japanese politics of national "forgetfulness" / Frederick R. Dickinson.
Biological weapons: the United States and the Korean War / G. Cameron Hurst III.
Experimental injury: wound ballistics and aviation medicine in mid-century America / Susan Lindee.
Stumbling toward bioethics: human experiments policy and the early Cold War / Jonathan D. Moreno.
Toward an ethics of iatrogenesis / Renée C. Fox.
Strategies for survival versus accepting impermanence: rationalizing brain death and organ transplantation today / Tetsuo Yamaori.
The age of a "revolutionized human body" and the right to die / Yoshihiko Komatsu.
Why we must be prudent in research using human embryos: differing views of human dignity / Susumu Shimazono.
Eugenics, reproductive technologies, and the feminist dilemma in Japan / Miho Ogino.
Refusing utopia's bait: research, rationalizations, and Hans Jonas / William R. LaFleur. This collection of essays looks at the dark medical research conducted during and after World War II. Contributors describe this research, how it was brought to light, and the rationalizations of those who perpetrated and benefited from it.