Table of Contents

Vol.1; Measuring Outcomes and Performance; 1 Outcomes Research; Key Points; History; Key Terms and Concepts; Bias and Confounding; Assessment of Baseline; Definition of Disease.; Disease Severity.; Comorbidity.; Assessment of Treatment; Control Groups.; Assessment of Outcomes; Efficacy.; Effectiveness.; Fundamentals of Study Design; Randomized Trial; Observational Study; Case-Control Study. Case Series and Expert Opinion; Other Study Designs; Grading of Evidence-Based Medicine Recommendations; Measurement of Clinical Outcomes; Psychometric Validation; Categories of Outcomes; Examples of Outcomes Measures; Generic Scales; Disease-Specific Scales; Head and Neck Cancer.; Otologic Disease.; Rhinologic Disease.; Pediatric Diseases.; Voice.; Sleep.; Symptom Scales; Summary and Future Directions; Suggested Readings; References; 2 Interpreting Medical Data; Key Points; Seven Habits of Highly Effective Data Users; Habit 1: Check Quality before Quantity. Habit 2: Describe before You Analyze; Habit 3: Accept the Uncertainty of All Data; Habit 4: Measure Error with the Right Statistical Test; Habit 5: Put Clinical Importance before Statistical Significance; Habit 6: Seek the Sample Source; Habit 7: View Science as a Cumulative Process; Popular Statistical Tests Used by Otolaryngologists; t Test; Description; Interpretation; Precautions; Analysis of Variance; Description; Interpretation; Precautions; Contingency Tables; Description; Interpretation; Precautions; Survival Analysis; Description; Interpretation; Precautions. Multivariate (Regression) Procedures; Description; Interpretation; Precautions; Nonparametric Tests; Description; Interpretation; Precautions; Common Statistical Deceptions; Surgical Satisfaction Swindle; Standard Error Switcheroo; Small Sample Whitewash; Post Hoc P Values; Multiple P Value Phenomenon; Selective Analysis of Results; Powerless Equalities; Paired Data Proliferation; Understanding Sample Size; Importance of Principles; Suggested Readings; References; 3 Evidence-Based Performance Measurement; Key Points; Motivation for Physician Performance Measurement. What is Quality, and Who Defines It?; Process of Building a Coherent System of Performance Measurement; Engaging in Development of Performance Measures; Aggregating Demand for Performance Measurement; Unifying the Response to the Demand for Performance Measurement; Quality-Based or Value-Based Purchasing; Medical Professionalism: the Physician-Patient Relationship; Stakeholder Roles in Defining and Implementing Quality Improvement and Measurement Activity; Interface Between Physician Education and Performance Measurement; Board Certification and Maintenance of Certification. Now in its 6th edition, Cummings Otolaryngology remains the world's most detailed and trusted source for superb guidance on all facets of head and neck surgery. Completely updated with the latest minimally invasive procedures, new clinical photographs, and line drawings, this latest edition equips you to implement all the newest discoveries, techniques, and technologies that are shaping patient outcomes.