Table of Contents

Front Cover; Commingled Human Remains: Methods in Recovery, Analysis, and Identification; Copyright; Contents; Preface; About the Editors; About the Contributors; Chapter 1.
Commingling Analysis: Historical and Methodological Perspectives; Separation of Bone and Tooth from Other Materials; References; Chapter 2.
Spatial Analysis of Mass Grave Mapping Data to Assist in the Reassociation of Disarticulated and Commingled Human Remains; Introduction; Materials and Methods; Results; Discussion; Conclusion; References. Antenna DiagramAppendix 6-2; Epiphyseal Recording Sheet for Maturational Sequence Analysis; References; Chapter 7.
Application of Portable X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) for Sorting Commingled Human Remains; Introduction; X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry; Use of XRF on Human Skeletal Remains; Materials and Methods; Results; Discussion and Conclusion; References; Chapter 8.
Osteometric Sorting; Data Sources and Analytical Methods; Models for Osteometric Sorting; Assessment of Results; Conclusion; Appendix 8-1; References. Chapter 3.
Recovery Methods for Cremated Commingled Remains: Analysis and Interpretation of Small Fragments Using a Bioarchaeological ApproachIntroduction; Documentation; Analyses; Interpretation; Summary; Concluding Remarks; References; Chapter 4.
More Pieces of the Puzzle: F.B.I. Evidence Response Team Approaches to Scenes with Commingled Evidence; Introduction; FBI Evidence Response Team Operational Guidelines and Responsibilities; The 12-Step Approach to Crime Scene Processing; Commingling within Cold Case Exhumations; Conclusions; References. Chapter 5.
The Use of Radiology in Mass Fatality EventsHistory; Imaging Modalities; Radiation Protection; Application of Radiographic Methods to Mass Fatalities; Conventional Approach; Mass Fatality Investigation Using MDCT; Case Studies; Conclusion; References; Chapter 6.
A Practical Method for Detecting Commingled Remains Using Epiphyseal Union; Background Information; Foundations for Understanding Epiphyseal Union Sequencing; Designing a Recording Form; Two Examples Demonstrating Use of the Recording Form; Testing the Method; Discussion; Appendix 6-1; Sequence Tree Diagrams. Chapter 9.
Estimating the Number of Individuals Represented by Commingled Human Remains: A Critical Evaluation of MethodsIntroduction; Factors Affecting Quantification: Bone Preservation and Scale of the Incident; Quantification Techniques; Test for the Accuracy of Visual Pair Matching; Test Application of the MNI and MLNI: Larson Village; Alternative Methods for Estimating the Number of Individuals; Some Comments on Counting Pairs of Bones; Final Considerations; References; Chapter 10.
Assessment of Commingled Human Remains Using a GIS-Based and Osteological Landmark Approach; Introduction. Commingled Human Remains: Methods in Recovery, Analysis, and Identification brings together tools from diverse sources within the forensic science community to offer a set of comprehensive approaches to resolving issues associated with commingled remains. This edition focuses on forensic situations, although some examples from prehistoric contexts are also addressed. Commingling of bones and other body parts is a major obstacle to individual identification that must be addressed before other forensic determinations or research can proceed. Regardless of the cause for the commingling.