Table of Contents

Intro.
Cognition, Language and Aging.
Title page.
LCC data.
Dedication page.
Table of contents.
1. Cognition, language, and aging: An introduction.
Summary.
References.
2. The Tip-of-the-Tongue Phenomenon: Who, what, and why.
What is a TOT, and why does it occur?.
Theoretical perspectives of older adults' TOT incidence.
Factors affecting TOT incidence.
TOT resolution.
Proper name TOTs in Alzheimer's disease.
Current and future directions.
Conclusion.
References.
3. Age-related effects on language production. A combined psycholinguistic and neurolinguistic persp.
Introduction.
Psycholinguistic accounts of language production.
Cognitive functions affecting the process of message production.
Psycholinguistic investigations assessing age-related variations in linguistic processing.
Age-related effects on microlinguistic aspects of message production.
Age-related effects on lexical processing.
Age-related effects on grammatical processing.
Age-related effects on macrolinguistic aspects of message production.
Effects of aging on the neural networks subserving the process of linguistic production.
Conclusions and future directions.
References.
4. Aging effects on discourse production.
Aging effects on discourse production.
Interactive-construction model of discourse.
Microlinguistic analysis.
Lexical diversity.
Measuring lexical diversity.
Lexical diversity in older adults.
Lexical diversity and cognition.
Macrolinguistic analysis.
Coherence.
Measures of coherence.
Coherence and aging.
Coherence and aging: Cognition.
Future directions.
Conclusions.
References.
5. Language comprehension in aging.
Processes involved in sentence comprehension.
Sentence-related variables.
Effects of sensory acuity on sentence comprehension ability in older adults. Older adults as language experts.
Conclusions.
References.
6. The role of cognition on age-related changes in language, memory, and mental models.
Factors that affect older adults' language comprehension.
Situation models and event models.
Aging and the use of situation models during text comprehension.
Activating and inhibiting inferences.
Integrating and reasoning about information in memory.
Event segmentation.
Conclusion.
References.
7. Reading in normally aging adults.
Aging and word recognition during reading.
Aging, reading and memory.
Conclusion.
References.
8. Cognitive and linguistic processes among oldest old persons: Heterogeneity, methodological challe.
Heterogeneity, change, and diversity among the oldest old: Impact on daily life.
Heterogeneity within "old age".
Developmental changes and diversity of cognitive outcomes among the oldest old.
Individual differences: Diversity of outcomes in later life.
Methodological challenges assessing cognitive change among the oldest old.
Lifespan psychosocial resources and cognition: Opportunities via later life investigations.
Dynamic processes across the lifespan.
Multi-level influences and resources.
Conclusions.
Acknowledgements.
References.
9. Sociolinguistics, language, and aging.
Introduction.
Bridging sociolinguistics and clinical findings in spontaneous language maintenance and decline.
Language variation and discourse approaches in sociolinguistics.
Language and aging identities.
Language, aging and gender.
Aging, media and corpora.
Case study 1, Use of Extenders by older adults.
Case study 2. Contribution of older speakers to the analysis of New Zealand English.
Summary and implications.
References.
Index.