Table of Contents

1. Introduction.
1.1. Introduction 2. Carbon nanotubes: properties and classification.
2.1. Introduction.
2.2. Classification of CNTs 3. Carbon nanotube synthesis and purification.
3.1. Introduction.
3.2. Arc discharge.
3.3. Laser ablation.
3.4. Chemical vapor deposition.
3.5. Purification of CNTs 4. Carbon nanotube functionalization.
4.1. Introduction.
4.2. Non-covalent attachment.
4.3. Covalent functionalization 5. Mechanism of carbon nanotube uptake by cells.
5.1. Introduction.
5.2. Energy-dependent and energy-independent uptake and the role of the cells.
5.3. Role of lysosomes in CNT cell uptake.
5.4. CNTs in the blood stream 6. Carbon nanotubes in drug delivery.
6.1. Introduction.
6.2. Cellular uptake mechanisms of CNTs.
6.3. Drug delivery 7. Carbon nanotubes in gene delivery.
7.1. Introduction.
7.2. Surface functionalization of CNTs for GDSs.
7.3. Gene delivery systems (GDSs) 8. Toxicity and environmental aspects of carbon nanotubes.
8.1. Introduction.
8.2. Environmental effects of CNTs.
8.3. Effect of the diameter and length of CNTs.
8.4. Effect of the type of CNT.
8.5. Effect of impurities present in CNTs.
8.6. Effect of CNT aggregation.
8.7. Effect of CNT functionalization.
8.8. Effect of CNT surface chemistry.
8.9. Effect of CNT dispersion method 9. Future of carbon nanotubes in medicine.
9.1. Introduction. Recent important discoveries and developments in nanotechnology have had a remarkable and ever-increasing impact on many industries, especially materials science, pharmaceuticals, and biotechnology. Within this book, the authors describe different features of carbon nanotubes, survey the properties of both the multi-walled and single-walled varieties, and cover their applications in drug and gene delivery.