Table of Contents

Embryology of the kidney.
Anatomy of the kidney.
The renal circulations and glomerular ultrafiltration.
Glomerular cell biology.
Metabolic basis of solute transport.
Transport of sodium, chloride, and potassium.
The regulation of calcium, magnesium, and phosphate excretion by the kidney.
Renal handling of organic solutes.
Renal acidification mechanisms.
Urine concentration and dilution and the cell biology of vasopressin action.
Vasoactive molecules and the kidney.
Aldosterone and mineralocorticoid receptors: renal and extrarenal roles.
Arachidonic acid metabolites and the kidney.
Disorders of sodium balance.
Disorders of water balance.
Disorders of acid-base balance.
Disorders of potassium balance.
Disorders of calcium, magnesium, and phosphate balance.
Epidemiology of kidney disease.
Risk prediction in chronic kidney disease.
Developmental programming of blood pressure and renal function.
Physiology and pathophysiology of the aging kidney.
Clinical approach and laboratory assessment of the patient with kidney disease.
Interpretation of electrolyte and acid-base parameters in blood and urine.
Diagnostic kidney imaging.
The kidney biopsy.
Biomarkers in acute and chronic kidney diseases.
Pathophysiology of acute kidney injury.
Prevention and management of acute kidney injury.
Pathophysiology of proteinuria.
Primary glomerular disease.
Secondary glomerular disease.
Overview of therapy for glomerular disease.
Thrombotic microangiopathy and microvascular disease.
Tubulointerstitial diseases.
Urinary tract infection in adults.
Urinary tract obstruction.
Urinary stone disease.
Diabetic nephropathy.
Cardiorenal syndromes.
Kidney cancer.
Onco-nephrology: kidney disease in patients with cancer.
Inherited disorders of the glomerulus.
Inherited disorders of the renal tubule.
Cystic diseases of the kidney.
Primary and secondary hypertension.
Renovascular hypertension and ischemic nephropathy.
Pregnancy and kidney disease.
Antihypertensive therapy.
Diuretics.
Mechanisms of progression of chronic kidney disease.
The pathophysiology of uremia.
Chronic kidney disease-mineral bone disorder.
Cardiovascular aspects of kidney disease.
Hematologic aspects of kidney disease.
Endocrine aspects of chronic kidney disease.
Neurologic aspects of kidney disease.
Dermatologic conditions in kidney disease.
Staging and management of chronic kidney disease.
Dietary approaches to kidney diseases.
Drug dosing considerations in patients with acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease.
Supportive care in advanced kidney disease.
Hemodialysis.
Peritoneal dialysis.
Critical care nephrology.
Plasmapheresis.
Elimination enhancement of poisons.
Interventional nephrology.
Transplantation immunobiology.
Clinical management of the adult kidney transplant recipient.
Considerations in live kidney donation.
Diseases of the kidney and urinary tract in children.
Fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base disorders in children.
Renal replacement therapy (dialysis and transplantation) in pediatric end-stage kidney disease.
Global challenges and initiatives in kidney health.
Latin America.
Africa.
Near and Middle East.
Indian subcontinent.
Far East.
Oceania region.
Ethical dilemmas facing nephrology: past, present, and future.
Health disparities in nephrology.
Care of the older adult with chronic kidney disease.
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