Table of Contents

Section I : Normal Structure and Function.
1. Embryology of the Kidney.
2. Anatomy of the Kidney.
3. The Renal Circulations and Glomerular Ultrafiltration.
4. Metabolic Basis of Solute Transport.
5. Transport of Sodium, Chloride, and Potassium.
6. Aldosterone Regulation of Ion Transport.
7. Transport of Calcium, Magnesium, and Phosphate.
8. Renal Handling of Organic Solutes.
9. Renal Acidification Mechanisms.
10. Urine Concentration and Dilution.
11. Cell Biology of Vasopressin Action.
12. Vasoactive Molecules and the Kidney.
13. Arachidonic Acid Metabolites and the Kidney.
Section II : Disorders of Body Fluid Volume and Composition.
14. Disorders of Sodium Balance.
15. Disorders of Water Balance.
16. Disorders of Acid-Base Balance.
17. Disorders of Potassium Balance.
18. Disorders of Calcium, Magnesium, and Phosphate Balance.
Section III : Epidemiology and Risk Factors in Kidney Disease.
19. Epidemiology of Kidney Disease.
20. Demographics of Kidney Disease.
21. Risk Factors and Kidney Disease.
22. Nephron Endowment.
23. Aging and Kidney Disease.
Section IV : Evaluation of the Patient with Kidney Disease.
24. Approach to the Patient with Kidney Disease.
25. Laboratory Assessment of Kidney Disease : Glomerular Filtration Rate, Urinalysis, and Proteinuria.
26. Interpretation of Electrolyte and Acid-Base Parameters in Blood and Urine.
27. Diagnostic Kidney Imaging.
28. The Renal Biopsy.
29. Biomarkers in Acute and Chronic Kidney Diseases.
Section V : Disorders of Kidney Structure and Function.
30. Acute Kidney Injury.
31. Primary Glomerular Disease.
32. Secondary Glomerular Disease.
33. Overview of Therapy for Glomerular Disease.
34. Microvascular and Macrovascular Diseases of the Kidney.
35. Tubulointerstitial Diseases.
36. Urinary Tract Infection in Adults.
37. Urinary Tract Obstruction.
38. Diabetic Nephropathy.
39. Nephrolithiasis.
40. Renal Neoplasia.
41. Renal Disease in Cancer Patients.
Section VI : Genetics of Kidney Disease.
42. Genetic Basis of Kidney Disease.
43. Inherited Disorders of the Glomerulus.
44. Inherited Disorders of the Renal Tubule.
45. Cystic Diseases of the Kidney.
Section VII : Hypertension and the Kidney.
46. Primary and Secondary Hypertension.
47. Renovascular Hypertension and Ischemic Nephropapthy.
48. Hypertension and Kidney Disease in Pregnancy.
49. Antihypertensive Drugs.
50. Diuretics.
Section VIII : The Consequences of Advanced Kidney Disease.
51. Adaptation to Nephron Loss and Mechanisms of Progression in Chronic Kidney Disease.
52. Mechanisms and Consequences of Proteinuria.
53. The Pathophysiology of Uremia.
54. Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral Bone Disorder.
55. Cardiovascular Aspects of Kidney Disease.
56. Hematologic Aspects of Kidney Disease.
57. Endocrine Aspects of Chronic Kidney Disease.
58. Neurologic Aspects of Kidney Disease.
59. Dermatologic Conditions in Kidney Disease.
Section IX : Conservative Management of Kidney Disease.
60. Dietary Approaches to Kidney Diseases.
61. A Stepped Care Approach to the Managemnet of Chronic Kidney Disease.
62. Vitamin D, Calcimimetic Agents, and Phosphate Binders.
63. Prescribing Drugs in Kidney Disease.
Section X : Dialysis and Extracorporeal Therapies.
64. Hemodialysis.
65. Peritoneal Dialysis.
66. Critical Care Nephrology.
67. Plasmapheresis.
68. Extracorporeal Treatment of Poisoning.
69. Interventional Nephrology.
Section XI : Kidney Transplantation.
70. Transplantation Immunobiology.
71. Donor and Recipient Issues.
72. Clinical Management.
Section XII : Pediatric Nephrology.
73. Maturation of the Kidney : Structural and Functional Consequences.
74. Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Disorders in Children.
75. Diseases of the Kidney and Urinary Tract in Children.
76. Dialysis in Children.
77. Pediatric Transplantation.
Section XIII : Global Considerations in Kidney Disease.
78. Latin America.
79. Africa.
80. Near and Middle East.
81. Indian Subcontinent.
82. Far East.
83. Renal Disease in the Oceania Region.
Section XIV : Challenges in Nephrology.
84. Ethical Dilemmas Facing Nephrology : Past, Present, and Future.
85. Health Disparaties in Nephrology.
86. Tissue Engineering, Stem Cells, and Cell Therapy in Nephrology.