Table of Contents

Protocol list; Abbreviations; Contributors; 1 Redox hydrogel-based electrochemical biosensors; 2 Hybridization at oligonucleotide sensitive electrodes; 3 Screen-printing methods for biosensor production; 4 Kinetic modeling for biosensors; 5 Bio-, chemi-, and electrochemiluminescence for fiber-optic biosensors; 6 Determination of metal ions by fluorescence aniostropy: A practical biosensing approach; 7 Fluorescence-based fiber-optic biosensors; 8 Functional analysis of ion channels: Planar patch clamp and impedance spectroscopy of tethered lipid membranes. Annotation