Table of Contents

Part I: Emergencies.
Analgesia in the Emergency Department: A GRADE-based Evaluation of Research Evidence and Recommendations for Practice.
Postpartum Hemorrhage.
Event Medicine: An Evolving Subspecialty of Emergency Medicine.
Part II: Infections.
Update on Clostridium difficile.
Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis in Critically Ill Patients.
Procalcitonin Use to Identify the Infected Heart Failure Patient.
Part III: Antimicrobials.
Systematic Surveillance Cultures as an Aid for Selecting Appropriate Initial Antimicrobial Therapy.
Colistin: An Old Antibiotic as a Last, Invaluable Resort.
Optimizing ß-Lactam Antibiotic Therapy in the Critically Ill: Moving Towards Patient-tailored Antibiotic Therapy.
Antibiotic Adsorption on CRRT Membranes: Impact on Antibiotic Dosing.
Part IV: Sepsis Mechanisms and Therapies.
Hyperinflammation and Mediators of Immune Suppression in Critical Illness.
Immunoglobulins in Sepsis: Which Patients will Benefit the Most?.
Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor in Critical Illness: Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde?.
Part V: Adjunct Therapies.
Standardized Reporting, Registration, and a Multicenter, Multispecies Approach to Preclinical (Animal) Trials.
Vitamin D and the Critically Ill Patient: An Update for the Intensivist.
Part VI: Hemodynamic Optimization.
Autonomic Dysfunction Is the Motor of Chronic Critical Illness.
Hemodynamic Adaptation to Hypoxia in Neonatal Critical Care.
Ventriculo-arterial Decoupling in Acutely Altered Hemodynamic States.
New Pharmacological Strategy in Acute Heart Failure: Vasodilators vs. Inotropes.
Goal Directed Therapy: A Review.
Part VII: The Peripheral Circulation.
Clinical Significance of Peripheral Circulation Abnormalities in Critically Ill Patients.
The Microcirculation in Hemorrhagic Shock.
Perioperative Monitoring of Tissue Perfusion: New Developments.
Part VIII: Cardiac Arrest.
Improving the Local Chain-of-Survival to Improve Survival After Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.
Stent Choice in Patients Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.
Cardiac Index During Therapeutic Hypothermia: Which Target Value Is Optimal?.
Therapeutic Hypothermia: Is It Effective for Non-VF/VT Cardiac Arrest?.
Cerebral Oximetry in Cerebral Resuscitation After Cardiac Arrest.
Prognostication of Coma After Cardiac Arrest and Therapeutic Hypothermia.
Part IX: Monitoring.
Patient Monitoring Alarms in the ICU and in the Operating Room.
Bedside Monitoring of Heart-Lung Interactions.
Assessment of Volume Responsiveness During Mechanical Ventilation: Recent Advances.
Point-of-Care Coagulation Management in Intensive Care Medicine.
Revisiting Lactate in Critical Illness.
Part X: Transthoracic Monitoring.
Diaphragmatic Ultrasound in Critically Ill Patients.
Two Steps Forward in Bedside Monitoring of Lung Mechanics: Transpulmonary Pressure and Lung Volume.
Esophageal Pressure Monitoring in ARDS.
Part XI: Lung Cells.
Mesenchymal Stem/Stromal Cells: Opportunities and Obstacles in ARDS.
Stem Cells in Acute and Chronic Lung Injury: Building Evidence for Therapeutic Use.
Restoration of Alveolar Epithelial Function as a Therapeutic Strategy for Acute Lung Injury.
Part XII: Intravenous Fluids.
Colloids for Sepsis: Effectiveness and Cost Issues.
Risk Factors for Transfusion-Related Lung Injury in ICU Patients.
Part XIII: Perioperative Problems.
Prevention of Postoperative Pulmonary Problems Starts Intraoperatively.
Perioperative Hemodynamic Optimization: From Clinical to Economic Benefits.
Part XIV: Mechanical Ventilation.
Extracerebral Effects of Hyperventilation: What are the Mechanisms?.
Endotracheal Tube Biofilm and Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia.
High-Frequency Percussive Ventilation in ARDS.
NAVA: Applications and Limitations.
Extracorporeal Gas Exchange: Present and Future.
Recent Advances and Novel Applications of Modern ECMO.
Part XV: Renal Failure.
Measurement of Kidney Perfusion in Critically Ill Patients.
Perioperative Acute Kidney Injury After Fluid Resuscitation.
Acute Kidney Injury in Intensive Care: A Role for Backpressure?.
Renal Oxygenation in Clinical Acute Kidney Injury.
NGAL in Acute Kidney Injury.
Understanding Acute Kidney Injury in Adult Patients with Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura.
Acute Kidney Injury Is a Chronic Disease that Requires Long-Term Follow-up.
Part XVI: Renal Replacement Therapy.
Regional Citrate Anticoagulation for Renal Replacement Therapy.
Does the Choice of Renal Replacement Therapy Affect Renal Recovery?.
Part XVII: Neurological Issues.
Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: Critical Care Management.
Recanalization: A Critical Step in Acute Ischemic Stroke.
Brain Monitoring in the Intensive Care Unit.
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Coupled To EEG: A New Tool to Assess Brain Function in Coma.
Part XVIII: Physiotherapy and ICU Weakness.
Diagnostic Approach to ICU-acquired Weakness: Present and Future.
Physiotherapy Update for the Adult ICU Patient.
Part XIX: Organization and Outcomes.
Nighttime Intensivist Physician Staffing in the ICU.
Prognostication in Cirrhotic Patients Admitted to Intensive Care.
Delayed Neuroprognostication After Cardiac Arrest and Temperature Management.
Burn Trauma in the Elderly: Treating those with a Chance. The Yearbook compiles the most recent developments in experimental andclinical research and practice in one comprehensive reference book. Thechapters are written by well recognized experts in the field of intensive care and emergency medicine. It is addressed to everyone involved in internal medicine, anesthesia, surgery, pediatrics, intensive care and emergency medicine.