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It is widely known that antiquity served as a model for European neoclassicism, especially for literature and art in the Age of Goethe. For the first time, however, using "classical" Weimar as an example, the present volume demonstrates the enormous influence exerted by rapidly disseminating knowledge about archeology in the wake of Winckelmann's death on the formation and development of the image of the ancient world for German classicism and romanticism.